Mineral blocks for goats have a significant effect. Although mineral block for goats is only as complementary feed, it must be available. Little thing but can prevent a very big risk.
The need of mineral block for goats
The need for a goat to survive, just enough to be fed and drunk. Enough for the goat farmer, the important thing is the goats can live and not noisy because of hunger and thirst.
Growth and development of goats to be obtained also just let it flows.
If we get lucky, goats will be fat, big and breed. If thin, small and often sick, just sell them. The reason, because it is not our sustenance.
As a mammal, goats need nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals.
These nutrients are actually contained in the diet. However, for certain nutrients such as minerals, its amoun is very little.
Therefore, livestock experts advise in feeding goats with a variety of feed ingredients. The goal is that the lack of nutrients in one ingredient can be covered by other ingredients. The terms are complementary.
To be able to grow and develop optimally, the goats must be fulfilled its minerals need.
Broadly speaking the minerals required by goats are divided into macro minerals and micro minerals.
Macro minerals are minerals needed in large quantities by goats. Macro minerals include calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), sodium (Na), chlorine (Cl), potassium (K), magnesium (Mg) and sulfur (S).
Micro minerals are minerals required by goats in relatively small quantities. Micro minerals include Fe iron, L, Cu, Mo, Zinc Zinc, Manganese Mn, Chromium Cr, F, Ni nickel, Cobalt Co and Selenium Se.
Benefits of mineral block for goats
In general, the functions of these minerals are:
As a constituent of goat bones and teeth.
Organic nutrient composers, such as lipids and proteins found in cell tissues, muscles and organs.
As the salt dissolves in the blood, body fluids and plays a role in.
Maintain the osmotic relationship as well as the acid-base balance of body fluids
Enzyme, hormone and other substances are needed for metabolism.
Goats that lack minerals will experience mineral deficiency.
Mineral deficiencies in goats can cause serious problems with goats.
- Goats will lose weight.
- Goats lose their appetite.
- Goats get thin.
- Goats decreased body endurance.
- The goats are late lust.
- Goat kid was born a weak condition.
- Goat milk production decreased.
- Miscarriage in pregnant goats.
- The goat is paralyzed.
There are research results that indicate that mineral deficiency disease is caused by soil condition factor and plant type. In very poor sandy soil elements of minerals, unfertilized soil conditions, and continuous cultivation will affect the mineral content of plants growing on the soil.
To prevent the occurrence of mineral deficiency in goats, it is necessary to provide additional mineral to goats.
Giving minerals can be through a feeding, drink, or put in a bottle and hung in a corner of goat house. Mineral products for goats are also already found in the market.
In order to provide more practical and efficient minerals, minerals are given to goats in the form of mineral blocks.
Mineral blocks are minerals that are mixed with hardener for minerals then pressed and become solid or hard.
With a solid texture, minerals will be licked by goats according to the needs of the goat itself. Once a goat needs it, the goat will find and lick the mineral blocks. Condition of mineral blocks must be placed or hung in a cage and can be reached by a goat.
How to make mineral block for goats
How to make the mineral blocks is very simple.
In essence, the mineral mix you get from your livestock shop is treated in such a way as to be tough.
For the hardener can be his own experiments. If we do, joynim farm uses cement for the mineral block hardener.
If you are afraid to use cement, can be replaced with cassava dregs.
The materials used are as follows:
- Mineral 1 kg
- 1 kg of rice bran
- Molases 1 kg
- 0.3 kg of kitchen salt
- 1 kg cement (as harderner)
How to make it, all the ingredients mixed evenly, then mold and dry. Once dry, it can be given to goats.
Can it be hard? Yes it Can be. The mineral blocks we make are hard texture.
About its palatability, its no doubt. Goat are very fond.
But there are some problems for the mineral blocks that using these ingredient. Because there is a molasses, if exposed to water then it will quickly wet.
If not stored in a sealed container, every morning the mineral block surface become wet with dew.
Related to rice bran, it is a difficult material to glue by cement. The bran is not bound by cement.
It is simply bound by the sticky molasses that are easily melted. Yet every time a mineral block licked by a goat, mineral blocks become wet, soft and run out quickly.
For the next mineral block production, we will remove the molasses and rice bran. From various sources, we get our next mineral block making plan possibly as follows.
Mineral blocks with a total material weight of 5.0 kg can be made using the following materials:
Ultra mineral (1.0 kg) or 20% of the total material.
Fine kitchen salt (3.45 kg) or 60% of the total ingredients.
Cement (0.55kg) or 11% of the total ingredients.
water and Plastic bucket.
How to make?
Mix salt, ultra mineral and cement.
Stir the mixture evenly.
Add the water bit by bit into the batter until the batter can be mold that is marked with a batter that does not break when gripped.
Form the batter using molder that easy to get.
Then, dried it in the room are sheltered from the rain.
Once dry, mineral blocks are readily available to farm animals.
Making mineral block for goats and cows from clay
Clay can also be used as the main ingredient to make mineral blocks. In fact, this material is safer and looks natural than cement.
The ingredients are also simple. Clay, mineral mix, salt, and water.
– Clay as much as 2 kg.
– Mineral mix, 1 pack.
– 0.5 kg of salt and enough water.
The steps for making mineral blocks from clay are as follows:
1 . Puree the dry clay, if necessary sieved or sifted.
2 . Mix until evenly distributed between clay, minerals and salt.
3 . Then, add enough water and print according to the desired shape. Want to print the shape of a block or a circle is up to you. 4 . Make a hole in the middle.
5 . Once dry, this can be given to the goat by hanging it so that the goat can reach it.
Actually for goats, mineral blocks from dry clay are sufficient.
But if it’s for cattle, it’s better if it is burned. You can take it to your neighbors when you burn bricks. Or if you want to burn it yourself, you can.
The reason is that a cow manger made of cement can run out due to being licked by a cow. Moreover, this is just dry clay. If it is burned, the mineral blocks can become harder and you don’t have to worry about the cows being over-mineralized.
So, This is the post about Making and Benefits Mineral Block for Goats. May be useful.